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The 5 Best Python Frameworks For Web Development

WRITTEN BY
Timothy Shim
UPDATED
December 05, 2023

 

One of the strengths of Python is the availability of several powerful frameworks that can simplify and streamline development. This article will look closely at five of the best Python frameworks: Flask, Django, Pyramid, FastAPI, and CherryPy.

 

Top 5 Python Web Frameworks

 

  1. Flask
  2. Django
  3. Pyramid
  4. FastAPI
  5. CherryPy

 

1. Flask

https://palletsprojects.com/p/flask/

 

flask

Flask is easy on resources and flexible in deployment.

 

Flask is a lightweight and flexible framework designed to be easy to use and learn. It is ideal for building small to medium-sized web applications and APIs. Flask is built on the Werkzeug WSGI toolkit and the Jinja2 templating engine.

 

One of the critical advantages of Flask is its simplicity. You can create a basic web application or API with just a few lines of code. Flask also has a large and active community, which means that there are many plugins and extensions available that can add additional functionality to your application.

 

Pros

  • ✓ Easy to learn and use
  • ✓ Lightweight and flexible
  • ✓ Large community with many plugins and extensions available
  • ✓ Excellent for small to medium-sized projects

Cons

  • • May not be as suitable for larger projects with complex requirements
  • • Requires more manual configuration compared to other frameworks


 

 

2. Django

https://www.djangoproject.com/

 

django

Django is popular for Python and extremely powerful.

 

Django is a full-stack web framework designed to be robust, scalable, and secure. It includes a wide range of features and tools that make it easy to build complex web applications.

 

Django is built on top of the Python programming language and includes its own ORM (Object-Relational Mapping) system, which makes it easy to work with databases. Django also includes its own templating system, making creating dynamic and responsive web pages easy.

 

Pros

  • ✓ Full-stack framework with many built-in features and tools
  • ✓ Easy to work with databases using the built-in ORM
  • ✓ Large and active community with many plugins and extensions available
  • ✓ Good for large and complex projects

Cons

  • • Can be more difficult to learn compared to other frameworks
  • • Can be more heavyweight and require more resources compared to other frameworks


 

 

3. Pyramid

https://trypyramid.com/

 

pyramid

Pyramid helps you keep small footprints for a minimalist approach to Python development.

 

Pyramid is a flexible and powerful web framework designed to be easy to use and learn. It is ideal for building large and complex web applications. Pyramid is built on top of the WSGI specification, meaning it can work with a wide range of servers and platforms.

 

Pyramid includes its own templating system, making creating dynamic and responsive web pages easy. Pyramid also includes a robust authentication and authorization system, making securing your application easy.

 

Pros

  • ✓ Flexible and powerful framework
  • ✓ Easy to use and easy to learn
  • ✓ Large and active community with many plugins and extensions available
  • ✓ Suitable for large and complex projects

Cons

  • • More manual configuration compared to other frameworks
  • • Less suited for smaller projects with simpler requirements


 

 

4. FastAPI

https://fastapi.tiangolo.com/

 
fastapi

FastAPI is simple enough for quick adoption into almost any workflow.

 

FastAPI is a modern and fast web framework that is designed to be easy to use and easy to learn. It is ideal for building high-performance APIs. FastAPI is built on top of the Starlette framework and supports asynchronous programming using Python’s async/await syntax.

 

This allows you to build fast and scalable APIs that can handle many concurrent requests. FastAPI also includes a built-in OpenAPI and JSON Schema generation system, which makes it easy to document your API.

 

Pros

  • ✓ Modern and fast framework
  • ✓ Easy to use and easy to learn
  • ✓ Built-in support for asynchronous programming
  • ✓ Built-in OpenAPI and JSON Schema generation system
  • ✓ Ideal for building high-performance APIs

Cons

  • • Less well-suited for building web applications with user interfaces
  • • Smaller community compared to other frameworks


 

 

5. CherryPy

https://cherrypy.dev/

 

cherrypy

If you’re looking for something lightweight, CherryPy sits near the top of the list.

 

CherryPy is a minimalist and lightweight web framework designed to be easy to use and learn. It is ideal for building small to medium-sized web applications. CherryPy is built on top of the Python programming language and includes its own WSGI server, which makes it easy to deploy your application.

 

CherryPy also includes a built-in configuration system, which makes it easy to configure and customize your application.

 

Pros

  • ✓ Minimalist and lightweight framework
  • ✓ Easy to use and easy to learn
  • ✓ Built-in WSGI server makes it easy to deploy your application
  • ✓ Suitable for small to medium-sized projects

Cons

  • • May not be as well-suited for larger and more complex projects
  • • Smaller community compared to other frameworks


 

 

How To Choose A Python Framework For Your Web Application

 

django-community

Some Python frameworks like Django have extremely robust community support channels.

 

Choosing the proper Python framework for your web application is an important decision that can significantly impact your project’s success. With so many options available, it can be challenging to know which framework is the best fit for your needs.

 

Here are some factors to consider when choosing a Python framework for your web application:

 

  • Consider your project requirements
    The first step in choosing a Python framework is to understand the specific requirements of your project. Consider factors such as the size and complexity of your application, the type of application you are building (such as a web app or API), and any specific functionality or features you require.

     

    Different frameworks are better suited for different projects, so choosing a framework that aligns with your project requirements is important.

  • The development experience counts
    Consider your team’s experience and expertise with Python and web development when choosing a framework. Some frameworks, like Flask, are designed to be easy to use and learn, while others, like Pyramid, require more experience and expertise to use effectively.

     

    Choosing a framework that aligns with your team’s experience and skill level can help ensure a smoother development process and more successful project outcomes.

  • Community and support
    A strong and active community can be valuable when working with a Python framework. Look for frameworks that have a large and active user community with plenty of documentation, tutorials, and online resources available. This can help you get up and running quickly and troubleshoot any issues.
  • Performance
    The performance of your web application can be critical to its success. Look for frameworks that are designed to be high-performing and optimized for speed. Frameworks like FastAPI are explicitly designed for high-performance APIs, while others like Django are more geared towards full-stack web applications.
  • Security
    Security is an important consideration when building any web application. Look for frameworks with built-in security features, such as user authentication and secure cookie handling. It’s also essential to choose a framework that is actively maintained and updated to address any security vulnerabilities that may arise.

     

    By carefully considering these factors and evaluating the different Python frameworks available, you can choose the best framework for your web application and set your project up for success.

 

 

Web Hosting Considerations For Python Apps

 

Web hosting is essential when building and deploying Python web applications. Choosing the right web hosting provider and plan can significantly impact your application’s performance, scalability, and security.

 

DreamHost homepage

DreamHost offers unlimited bandwidth and storage.

 

Here are some key considerations to remember when choosing a web hosting provider for your Python app:

 

  • Server requirements
    Before choosing a web hosting provider, ensure you understand the server requirements for your Python app. Depending on the framework and libraries you are using, you may require a specific Python version and other system requirements.

     

    Look for a web hosting provider that offers servers with the necessary specifications and configurations to run your app.

  • Scalability
    Scalability is an important consideration when choosing a web hosting provider. If your app is likely to experience high traffic or user activity levels, you will need a hosting plan that can scale to accommodate this.

     

    Look for providers that offer flexible scaling options, such as upgrading server resources or adding load balancing.

  • Security
    Security is a critical consideration for any web application, and your hosting provider should offer robust security features and measures to protect your app and its data. Look for providers that offer features such as SSL encryption, firewalls, and intrusion detection and prevention.
  • Support
    When something goes wrong with your app, you need to be able to get help quickly and efficiently. Look for hosting providers that offer 24/7 support with responsive and knowledgeable customer service representatives.

     

    Consider providers that offer managed hosting services, which can take care of routine maintenance and updates for your app.

  • Cost
    Finally, the cost is an important consideration when choosing a web hosting provider. Look for providers offering plans that fit your budget without sacrificing performance, scalability, or security.

 

 

Always Consider Your Specific Needs When Selecting A Python Framework

 

When choosing a Python framework for your web application, it’s important to consider factors such as project requirements, development experience, community and support, performance, and security.

 

By carefully evaluating the available frameworks and choosing the one that best aligns with your needs and goals, you can set your project up for success and ensure a smoother development process.